How Are Hurricanes Formed

Posted October 26th, 2017 by Duken

Everyone knows what hurricanes can do to property and people once they hit land. These are some of the most destructive storms in existence but just how are hurricanes formed? Do they start out being any different from any other storm? Is there any way to know which storms will turn into a hurricane and which ones will not be anything impressive?

To begin with, a hurricane is born from a tropical storm which must be over the warm humid waters near the equator of either the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans. These same storms are known as typhoons near the China Sea and the Philippines, but they all start the same way. The moisture from the humidity evaporates and rises upward until there is a tremendous amount of air that is heated and moist. This air twists high in the atmosphere.

Winds are the next thing to come into play in the act of how are hurricanes formed. North of the equator, these winds start to circle counter clockwise. South of the equator these winds circle clockwise. They pick up speed that range from 74 to 200 miles per hour. Oddly enough, in the center of all of this turmoil there is peace and quiet. This is called the eye of the hurricane.

A hurricane requires water temperatures of 79 degrees Fahrenheit or higher in order to flourish. It will keep pulling the moisture from the water’s surface while continuing to grow in both size and strength. As long as it remains over warm water, it will stay alive and kicking. However, once a hurricane comes into contact with either cooler waters or land, it will start to lose some of its power because the source of it has dissipated. When this happens, the winds will start to slow down gradually until it is less than 74 miles per hour. The hurricane is then downgraded to a tropical storm.

The tropical storms that will become hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean often have their origins near Africa. They drift towards the west on the Trade Winds and then head to the north. These winds meet more winds that are coming from the east across North America. Storms in the Eastern Pacific Ocean start in the Central American and Mexican waters.

Due to the often devastatingly destructiveness of hurricanes, they are constantly monitored by satellites and airplanes flying in the middle of them to keep track of tropical storms that may turn into hurricanes.

Comments are closed.